Stocks are only one part of an overall investment strategy. You should also keep liquid assets in an emergency fund that you can withdraw from easily whenever the need arises. It is also possible that your investments may not perform as well as expected. As your wealth grows, keep in mind that you will most likely need to also increase the amount held in your emergency fund.
There are many ways that you can divide the stock market. The most common ways are by sector, types of growth patterns, and company size via their market capitalization. You may also see other investors talking about other aspects like small-cap vs. large-cap stocks, technology vs. energy stocks, etc.
Pay close attention to past trends. Although you should not completely depend on past trends, they can be a good indicator of how businesses will do in the future. If a business has a great record of expanding and earning profits, then you should keep this in mind when you value the company.
Today's economy is failing. You can no longer rely on being able to get a job to be able to pay your bills. Most people today are lucky to make minimum wage, and anyone who makes more, tends to have so much debt that they can't survive. Included here are some tips on investing, which can help you to sustain your lifestyle.
Do not blindly follow the recommendations of your investment broker without doing some due diligence of your own. Ensure that the investment is registered with the SEC and find some background information on the way that the investment has performed in the past. There have been instances of fraud whereby the information presented by the broker was fabricated.
Exercise patience and control in your investments. The stock market tends to have many investment opportunities that are favorable one day, and not so favorable the next. Keep up with long term investments rather than getting caught up in flash in the pan opportunities that may fizzle out in no time.
Rebalance your portfolio quarterly. If you started with an 80/20 mix of stocks and bonds, the stocks will likely outpace the bonds, leaving you 90/10. Rebalance to 80/20 so that you can reinvest your stock earnings into bonds. This way you keep more of your earnings over the long run. Also rebalance among stock sectors, so that growing sectors can fuel buying opportunities in bear cycle industries.
Learn, understand and remember the difference between value and price. The stock price is what you will pay for it when you invest in your shares. The stock value is what you are assumed or expected to get in market returns down the road, in terms of growth of stock price. Value can also relate to the dividends that a company pays you for your stock shares.
When you set out to find a stockbroker, know that there are three distinct choices you can choose from. The most expensive are full-service brokers, which will charge you more. But, also give you strong recommendations and good advice. Discount brokers are cheaper but offer less service and knowledge to you. Online brokers give you little human interaction but a technology-based way to buy cheaply and trade stocks on your own.
You should never invest all your money into one business. It does not matter how much you love a particular industry. In order to build up an excellent investment portfolio, you have to diversify. Diversification is the proven method of greatly increasing your chances of profiting from your stock purchases.
Make your supplemental retirement income first investments with the bigger, more familiar companies. First time traders should always start their investment portfolios with stocks in well-established companies, as these stocks usually carry a lower risk. Once you have a solid foundation for your portfolio and are more comfortable investing, start branching out into smaller companies. Smaller companies have great potential for growth, but they're very high risk.
Cash does not always mean profit. Cash flow is key to your investment portfolio and life. It is good to reinvest or just spend your earnings, but keep enough money on hand to pay your immediate bills. Stash away enough money to pay your living expenses for a minimum of six months to be safe.